This file contains bibliographical information about child sexual abuse.
(Browne & Finkelhor 1986)
Bagley C. Ramsey, R.: Disrupted childhood and vulnerability to sexual assault: Long-term sequels with implications for counselling.. Winnipeg, Canada: Conference on Counselling the Sexual Abuse Survivor, 1985.
(Browne & Finkelhor 1986)
Bailey C.A. Gibbons S.J.: Physical victimization and bulimic-like symptoms: is there a relationship?. Deviant Behaviour 10,: 335-352, 1989.
(see Kinzl 1994)
Barsky A.J. Wool C., Barnett M.C., Cleary P.D.: Histories of Childhood Trauma in Adult Hypochondriacal Patients. Am.J.Psychiatry 151,3: 397-401, 1994.
Hypochondriacal adults recall more childhood trauma than do nonhypochondriacal patients, even after sociodemographic differences are controlled for. They also recall more childhood illness, although they are not currently more medically sick. (abstract)
Bell A. Weinberg M.: Sexual preference: Its develop,emt among men and women. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1981.
Briere J. Runtz,M.: Symptomatology associated with prior sexual abuse in a non-clinical sample. Los Angeles, CA: at annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, 1985.
(Browne & Finkelhor 1986)
Briere J. : The effects of childhood sexual abuse on later psychological functioning: An explanatory study. Washington DC: Third National Conference on Sexual Victimization of Children, 1984.
extensive study of 153 "walk-ins" to a community health centre (Browne & Finkelhor 1986)
Browne A. Finkelhor, D.: Impact of child sexual abuse: A review of the research. Psychological Bulletin 99,1: 66-77, 1986.
This article review studies that have tried to confirm empirically the effects of child sexual abuse cited in the literature. (abstract)
Bulik C. Sullivan O., Rorty M.: Childhood sexual abuse in women with bulima. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 50,: 460-464, 1989.
(see Kinzl 1994)
Calam R.M. Slade P.M.: Sexual experiences and eating problems in female undergraduates. Int. Journal of Eating Disorders 8,: 391-197, 1989.
(see Kinzl 1994)
Carmen E. Rieker, P.P., Mills, T.: Victims of Violence and Psychiatric Illness. American Journal of Psychiatry 141,: 378-383, 1984.
Connors M.E. Worse W.: Sexual abuse and eating disorders: a review. Int. Journal of Eating Disorders 13,: 1-11, 1993.
Conners and Worse reviewed the literature on the relationship between sexual abuse and eating disorders and concluded that about 30% of patients with eating disorders have been sexually abused. (see Kinzl 1994)
Courtois C. : The incest experience and its aftermath. Victimology: An International Journal 4,: 337-247, 1979.
DeFrancis V. : Protecting the child victim of sex crimes. Denver, CO: American Human Association, 1969.
reported that 66% of the victims were emotionally disturbed by the molestation. (Browne & Finkelhor 1986)
DeYoung M. : The sexual victimization of children. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1982.
79% of the incest victims had predominantly hostile feelings toward their mothers ... (Browne & Finkelhor 1986)
Esman A.H. : "Sexual Abuse," Pathogenesis and Enlightened Skepticism. (Editorial). Am.J.Psychiatry 151,8: 1101-1103, 1994.
Finkelhor D. : Sexually victimized children. New York: Free Press, 1979.
Finkelhor D. : Child sexual abuse: New theory and research. New York: Free Press, 1984.
Finkelhor D. et al.: A Sourcebook on Child Sexual Abuse. Beverly Hills: Sage publication, 1986.
Gebhard P. Gagnon, J. Pomeroy, W. Christenson, C.: Sex offenders: An analysis of types. New York: Harper & Row, 1965.
Goodwin J. McCarthy, T. Divasto P.: Prior incest in mothers of abused children. Child Abuse and Neglect 5,: 87-96, 1981.
Groth N.A. Burgess, A.W.: Sexual trauma in the life histories of rapists and child molesters. Victimology: An International Journal 4,: 10-16, 1979.
Gundlach R. : Sexual molestation and rape reported by homosexual and heterosexual women. Journal of Homosexuality 2,: 367-384, 1977.
Gutheil T.G. : True or false memories of sexual abuse? A forensic psychiatric view.. Psychiatr. Annals 23,: 527-531, 1993.
Henderson J. : Is incest harmful?. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 28,: 34-39, 1983.
Herman J.L. : Father-daughter incest. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981.
... of the incest victims, 33% attempted to run away ...
...noted major depressive symptoms in 60% of the incest victims
in her study, 55% of the comparison group also reported depression.
(Browne & Finkelhor 1986)
Kendell-Tackett K. Meyer Williams L., Finkelhor D.: Impact of sexual abuse on children: a review and synthesis of recent empirical studies.. Psychol. Bull. 113,: 164-180, 1993.
"A glaring inadequacy in the literature" they point out, "is a nearly universal absence of theoretical underpinning. ... researchers studying childhood sexual abuse have looked in isolation at many factors related to the impact of abuse. Now it is time for us to combine them into more realistic models." (pp. 174 and 176). (see Esman 1994)
Frohmuth M.E. : The relationship of childhood sexual abuse with later psychological and sexual adjustment in a sample of college women. Child Abuse and Neglect 10,1: 5-15, 1986.
James J. Meyerding, J.: Early sexual experiences and prostitution. American Journal of Psychiatry 134,: 1381-1385, 1977.
Kinzl J.F. Traweger C., Guenther V., Biebl W.: Family Background and Sexual Abuse Associated With Eating Disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry 151,8: 1127-1131, 1994.
The data in this nonclinical female cohort suggest that childhood sexual abuse is neither necessary nor sufficient for later development of an eating disorder, while an adverse family background may be an important etiological factor. (abstract)
Landis J. : Experiences of 500 children with adult sexual deviation. Psychiatric Quarterly Supplement 30,: 91-109, 1956.
Meiselman K. : Incest. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1978.
reported depressive symptoms in 35% of the incest victims [...] compared with 23% of the comparison group. (Browne & Finkelhor 1986)
Miller J. Moeller, D., Kaufman, A., Divasto, P., Fitzsimmons, P., Pather, D., Christy J.: Recidivism among sexual assault victims. American Journal of Psychiatry 135,: 1103-1104, 1978.
Palmer R.L. Oppenheimer, R.: Childhood sexual experiences with adults: a comparison of women with eating disorders and those with other diagnostics. Int. Journal of Eating Disorders 12,: 359-364, 1992.
Peters J.J. : Children who are victims of sexual assault and the psychology of offenders. American Journal of Psychotherapy 30,: 398-421, 1976.
reported that 31% [of child victims of intrafamilial sexual abuse] had difficulty sleeping and 20% experienced eating disturbances. (Browne & Finkelhor 1986)
Peters S.D. : The relationship between childhood sexual victimization and adult depression among Afro-American and white women. Los Angeles, CA: unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of California, 1984.
interviewed 119 women and found that sexual abuse [...] was associated with a higher incidence of depression [...] (Browne & Finkelhor 1986)
Pope H.G. Hudson J.: Is childhood sexual abuse a risc factor for bulimia nervosa?. American Journal of Psychiatry 149,: 455-463, 1992.
... it is not even clear that women with bulimia nervosa report higher rates of sexual abuse than those found in the general population. (Rorty 1994)
Pope H.G. Mangweth B., Negrao A.B., Hudson J.I., Cordas T.A.: Childhood Sexual Abuse and Bulimia Nervosa: A Comparison of American, Austrian, and Brazilian Women. American Journal of Psychiatry 151,5: 732-737, 1994.
These findings add to the weight of evidence suggesting that childhood sexual abuse is not a risc factor for bulimia nervosa. (abstract)
Reich J.W. Gutierres, S.E.: Escape/aggression incidence in sexually abused juvenile delinquents. Criminal Justice and Behavior 6,: 239-243, 1979.
repoted that 55% of the children [...] hwo were charged with running away, truancy, or listed as missing persons were incest victims. (Browne & Finkelhor 1986)
Risin L.I. Koss, M.P.: The sexual abuse of boys: Frequency and descriptive characteristics of childhood victimizations reported by a national sample of male post-secondary students. Kent, OH: Kent State University, 1987.
Rorty M. Yager J., Rossotto, M.A.: Childhood Sexual, Physical and Psychological Abuse in Bulimia Nervosa. American Journal of Psychiatry 151,8: 1122-1126, 1994.
The higher rates of psychological, physical, and multiple abuse found among women with a lifetime history of bulimia nervosa than among comparison subjects underscore the importance of examining the full range of possible abusive experiences in women with eating disorders, rather than focusing simply on sexual abuse. (abstract)
Russell D.E.H. : The secret trauma: Incest in the lives of girls and women. New York: Basic Books, 1986.
Sedney M.A. Brooks B.: Factors associated with a history of childhood sexual experiences in a nonclinical female population. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry 23,: 215-218, 1984.
in a study of 301 college women, found a greater likelihood for subjects with childhood sexual experiences to report symptoms of depression (65% vs. 43% of the control group) (Browne & Finkelhor 1986)
Silbert M.H. Pines, A.M.: Sexual child abuse as an antecedent to prostitution. Child Abuse and Neglect 5,: 407-411, 1981.
Smolak L. Levine M.P., Sullins E.: Are child sexual experiences related to eating-disordered attitudes and behaviours in a college sample?. Int. Journal of Eating Disorders 9,: 167-178, 1990.
Smolak et al. found a significant difference between victims and nonvictims on the total score on the Eating Disorder Inventory, but not on subscale scores. Furthermore, Eating Disorder Inventory scores were unrelated to two measures, severity of abuse and familarity with the abuser. Their composite results suggests that there is no direct, simple relationship between childhood sexual abuse and the attitudes and behaviours of subject with eating disorders. (see Kinzl 1994)
Tsai M. Feldman-Summers, S., Edgar, M.: Childhood molestation: Variables related to differential impact of psychosexual functioning in adult women. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 88,: 407-417, 1979.
Tufts New England Medical Center : Sexually Exploited Children: Service and Research Project. Final Report. Washington DC: U.S. Department of Justice, 1984.
...probably the best study to date ... (Browne & Finkelhor 1986)
Welch S.L. Fairburn, C.G.: Sexual Abuse and Bulimia Nervosa: Three Integrated Case Control Comparisons. American Journal of Psychiatry 151,3: 402-407, 1994.
While the findings indicate that sexual abuse is a risc factor for the development of bulimia nervosa, it does not appear to be specific to bulimia nervosa nor is it relevant for most cases. Sexual abuse appears to be a risc factor for psychatric disorder in general (including bulimia nervosa) among young adult women. There was no evidence that secondary referrals of bulimia nervosa are biased with respect to sexual abuse. (abstract)
Woods S.C. Dean, K.S.: Final Report: Sexual Abuse of Males Research Project. Washington, DC: National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect, 1984.
Wyatt G. Powell, G.(eds.): Lasting effects of child sexual abuse. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1988.